This Is The Reason Why Catholics Call Mary “Mother of God”

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The title “Mother of God” when applied to Mary can be puzzling to some. Isn’t God eternal? How can a human mother give birth to the Creator of all? This is not a new question; it has its roots in the early days of Christianity. Catholics have specific teachings to explain why Mary is rightly called “Mother of God,” and it’s not as perplexing as it seems once understood within the context of Catholic doctrine.

Understanding the Basics: Jesus as True God and True Man

Before diving into Mary’s title, it’s crucial to establish a foundational understanding of who Jesus is. According to the Nicene Creed, Jesus Christ is “God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God.” Yet, he is also “born of the Father before all ages.” In simpler terms, Jesus is 100% God.

However, that’s not the whole story. He’s also 100% human. The Catechism of the Catholic Church tells us, “The unique and altogether singular event of the Incarnation of the Son of God does not mean that Jesus Christ is part God and part man, nor does it imply that he is the result of a confused mixture of the divine and the human. He became truly man while remaining truly God” (CCC 464).

It’s not like blending two colors to get a new one. Jesus is both fully God and fully man, not a mix of the two. The fancy term for this is “hypostatic union,” but what it means is pretty straightforward: Jesus is God and man at the same time.

Mary as the Mother of Jesus

Since Jesus is both God and man, what does that make Mary? She gave birth to Jesus in Bethlehem, after all. Here’s where we loop back to Mary’s title “Mother of God.” The Catechism tells us: “Called in the Gospels ‘the mother of Jesus,’ Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as ‘the mother of my Lord'” (CCC 495). The Bible echoes this in Luke 1:43, where Elizabeth says to Mary, “And why is this granted me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me?”

So, Mary is the mother of Jesus, and Jesus is God. That’s the logical path that leads us to calling Mary the “Mother of God.”

The Council of Ephesus: Settling the Debate

In the early Church, this was a hot topic. Some folks, like a man named Nestorius, had a big problem with calling Mary “Mother of God.” He thought it was better to call her “Mother of Christ.” But the Church held a big meeting called the Council of Ephesus in 431 A.D. to figure it out.

The Council declared that Mary is indeed the “Mother of God” because her son Jesus is one person who is both God and man. This is important because denying Mary this title would be like saying Jesus isn’t fully God. It’s not so much about Mary as it is about who Jesus is. The Council of Ephesus protected the understanding that Jesus is one person with two natures: divine and human.

A Closer Look at Scripture

When you look at the Bible, Mary being the Mother of God fits right in. For example, in John 1:14, it says, “And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us.” “The Word” here refers to Jesus, who is God. He became flesh—that’s His human nature—through Mary.

Also, in Galatians 4:4, Paul writes, “But when the time had fully come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman.” The “woman” here is Mary. Again, it points to the fact that Mary gave birth to God’s Son, who is Himself God.

Importance of the Title for Our Faith

Why does this matter? Why make a fuss over a title? Well, it’s more than just a name. Calling Mary “Mother of God” is a safeguard for the faith. It helps us remember who Jesus really is. If you mess up who Jesus is, then you mess up the whole story and the reason for our hope.

According to the Catechism, “What the Catholic faith believes about Mary is based on what it believes about Christ, and what it teaches about Mary illumines in turn its faith in Christ” (CCC 487). So, when we honor Mary as the Mother of God, we are actually affirming the divine nature of her son, Jesus Christ.

Universal Teaching vs. Theological Opinion

It’s important to note that the title “Mother of God” is a universal teaching of the Catholic Church. This is not up for debate or a matter of personal opinion. It has been confirmed by Church councils and is found in the Catechism and Scripture. It’s not just a theological opinion; it’s what the Church teaches as truth.


The title “Mother of God” for Mary is not some random, sentimental idea. It has its roots deeply embedded in the Christian understanding of who Jesus Christ is. Mary, being the Mother of Jesus, is logically also the Mother of God because Jesus is both fully God and fully human. This title is not just a devotion or an honor; it’s a declaration of faith. By saying Mary is the “Mother of God,” we are also saying something crucial about her son: that He is truly God and truly man. And that’s a truth worth holding on to.

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Note: While content aims to align with Catholic teachings, any inconsistencies or errors are unintended. For precise understanding, always refer to authoritative sources like the Catechism of the Catholic Church. Always double-check any quotes for word-for-word accuracy with the Bible or the Catechism of the Catholic Church.

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