Christmas Island, Flying Fish Cove: St. Peter’s Church, Catholicism on an Island Named After Christ’s Birth


Christmas Island, located in the Indian Ocean and administered by Australia, is home to a small yet thriving Catholic community. Although the island is better known for its phosphate mining industry and rich biodiversity, it also features a unique Roman Catholic presence, with St. Peter’s Church in Flying Fish Cove as its focal point. In this article, we will explore some “Fun Facts” about the church and the Catholic community on this island named after Christ’s birth. The facts presented will be deeply rooted in the historical, theological, or cultural significance of each topic.

Fun Fact 1: The Island’s Unique Religious History

Christian Exploration and Settlement

The island was first sighted by Captain William Mynors of the British East India Company on Christmas Day, December 25, in 1643. The name “Christmas Island” was, therefore, in honor of the birth of Jesus Christ. This naming serves as a constant reminder to the inhabitants and visitors alike of the importance of the Christmas message of “peace on earth and goodwill towards men” (Luke 2:14).

Fun Fact 2: St. Peter’s Church – A Testament to Faith

Architecture and Spiritual Symbolism

St. Peter’s Church on Christmas Island is a beautiful edifice that stands as a testament to the enduring Catholic faith in the region. One of the church’s most interesting architectural features is the use of local materials in its construction. By employing local resources, the church not only emphasizes the universality of Catholicism but also the Incarnation. The Catechism of the Catholic Church states that, “The Word became flesh to make us ‘partakers of the divine nature'” (CCC 460). This architectural choice subtly reflects the Church’s teaching of God entering into His creation to elevate it.

Fun Fact 3: The Church’s Name – St. Peter

Significance of Naming

Naming the church after St. Peter has deep theological significance. According to Matthew 16:18, Jesus said to Peter, “And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church.” By naming the church after St. Peter, the community of Christmas Island aligns itself with the origins and continuity of the Catholic Church, which believes in the apostolic succession from St. Peter to the current Pope.

Fun Fact 4: The Multi-Ethnic Congregation

Cultural Diversity in Worship

The congregation of St. Peter’s Church reflects a diversity of ethnic backgrounds, including Chinese, European, and Malay. This makes the liturgical practices at St. Peter’s Church a beautiful tapestry of universal Catholicism meeting local traditions. The Second Vatican Council’s Sacrosanctum Concilium highlights the importance of allowing the Church to adapt liturgical practices to various cultures, “provided that the substantial unity of the Roman rite is preserved” (SC 38).

Fun Fact 5: Unique Liturgical Celebrations

Island-Specific Devotions

Given its unique location, St. Peter’s Church also incorporates into its liturgy specific prayers for the safety of fishermen and ecological preservation. The church’s practices are a local manifestation of the Church’s broader commitment to environmental stewardship. Pope Francis’ encyclical Laudato Si’ points out that “everything is connected” and calls for an “integral ecology” that respects both human dignity and the integrity of creation (LS 91, 137).

Fun Fact 6: Ocean Baptisms

Incorporating Nature into Sacraments

In special cases, baptisms have been conducted in the surrounding ocean waters, again reflecting the island’s unique cultural and geographical context. While not a universal practice in the Catholic Church, ocean baptisms are conducted in accordance with Canon Law and the Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults, ensuring the theological validity of the sacrament.

Fun Fact 7: A Church Without a Resident Priest

The Role of Lay Leaders

Interestingly, St. Peter’s Church does not have a full-time, resident priest due to its remote location and small population. This has given rise to the prominence of lay leaders in the community who help in running church affairs and catechetical programs. This aligns well with Vatican II’s teaching on the laity’s role: “They are called by God that, being led by the spirit to the fullness of holiness, they may devote themselves to the apostolate” (Lumen Gentium, 33).


The Catholic presence on Christmas Island, exemplified by St. Peter’s Church in Flying Fish Cove, offers a fascinating blend of universal Catholic teachings and local traditions. Whether through its unique liturgical practices, ocean baptisms, or reliance on lay leaders, this tiny Catholic community provides a captivating glimpse into the resilience and adaptability of the Catholic faith. This adaptability, while always grounded in the universal teachings and traditions of the Church, also beautifully accommodates the unique circumstances and challenges posed by the island’s distinctive locale.

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Note: While content aims to align with Catholic teachings, any inconsistencies or errors are unintended. For precise understanding, always refer to authoritative sources like the Catechism of the Catholic Church. Always double-check any quotes for word-for-word accuracy with the Bible or the Catechism of the Catholic Church.

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