Lebanon, Harissa: Our Lady of Lebanon, A Symbol of Unity for All Lebanese

In the heart of Lebanon stands a monument that transcends sectarianism and serves as a beacon of unity and faith: Our Lady of Lebanon, commonly known as “Notre Dame du Liban” in French or “Sayyidat Lubnān” in Arabic. Situated atop a mountain in Harissa, this shrine has been a pilgrimage destination for both Christians and non-Christians alike, embodying the spiritual richness and diversity of Lebanon. In this article, we will explore some “fun facts” about Our Lady of Lebanon that underline its historical, theological, and cultural significance, enriched by authoritative quotes from Catholic doctrine, Scripture, and other pertinent sources.

Fun Fact 1: The Origins Date Back to the 19th Century

Historical Context

Our Lady of Lebanon was inaugurated on May 16, 1908. The idea was conceived in the latter half of the 19th century, inspired by the growing Marian devotion worldwide. The statue itself was built in Lyon, France, and transported to Lebanon.


The erection of this monument came at a time when Lebanon was under Ottoman rule. The shrine thus not only fostered religious devotion but also instilled a sense of identity and unity among Lebanese Christians. It is worth noting that Our Lady is mentioned multiple times in the New Testament. Mary, the mother of Jesus, holds a place of honor in the Christian tradition, being referred to as “blessed among women” (Luke 1:42).

Fun Fact 2: The Statue Is Made of Bronze and Painted White

Physical Characteristics

The statue is about 8.5 meters tall and is made of bronze but is painted white to give it a more luminous appearance against the Lebanese sky.

Theological Significance

White is a color often associated with purity in Christian symbolism. Mary is venerated as “full of grace,” and the Immaculate Conception asserts that she was conceived without original sin (Catechism of the Catholic Church, 490-493). The whiteness of the statue mirrors this theological understanding.

Fun Fact 3: The Shrine Is a Melting Pot of Religions

Ecumenical Outreach

The shrine is a pilgrimage destination not just for Catholics but also for Orthodox Christians, Muslims, and Druze. Its ecumenical character echoes the words of Vatican II: “The Church regards with esteem also the Muslims. They adore the one God” (Nostra Aetate, 3).

Cultural Significance

Lebanon is a country with a rich tapestry of religious traditions. The universal appeal of Our Lady of Lebanon signifies its role as a unifier in a region often fractured by religious and sectarian strife.

Fun Fact 4: The Sanctuary Also Houses a Basilica

Architectural Features

Adjacent to the statue is a Maronite basilica, designed in a Byzantine architectural style, which was inaugurated in 1970.

Theological Insight

Basilicas hold a special place in the Catholic Church as they are directly linked to the Pope. Their presence symbolizes unity with the universal Church, consistent with the Catechism’s affirmation that the Church is “one, holy, catholic, and apostolic” (Catechism of the Catholic Church, 811).

Fun Fact 5: Annual Feast Day Attracts Thousands

Celebration Details

Every year on the first Sunday of May, thousands flock to Harissa to celebrate the feast day of Our Lady of Lebanon. This is a vibrant display of faith, incorporating Mass, processions, and cultural events.


The celebration of Marian feasts is deeply rooted in Catholic tradition. The Catechism reminds us that the Church’s liturgical calendar includes feasts dedicated to the Mother of God (Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1172). The annual gathering in Harissa is an embodiment of this practice, but with a distinctly Lebanese flavor.

Fun Fact 6: Pope John Paul II Visited in 1997

Papal Visit

One of the most momentous occasions in the history of the shrine was the visit by Pope John Paul II in 1997, which added further significance and universal appeal to the site.

Ecclesial Context

Pope John Paul II’s visit was a manifestation of the “New Evangelization,” aimed at rekindling faith in traditionally Christian regions. The Pope celebrated Mass at the shrine and encouraged Lebanese Christians to be “the salt of the earth and the light of the world” (Matthew 5:13-14).


Our Lady of Lebanon is not just a statue or a tourist attraction; it is a living testament to the enduring faith, unity, and diversity of Lebanon. Its history, theological symbolism, and cultural relevance make it a compelling subject for anyone interested in understanding the intricate fabric of Lebanese identity and spirituality. As we reflect on the multifaceted aspects of this remarkable shrine, let us recall the words of the Second Vatican Council: “Mary, the all-holy ever-virgin Mother of God, is the masterwork of the mission of the Son and the Spirit in the fullness of time” (Lumen Gentium, 53). In the case of Our Lady of Lebanon, she is also the masterwork of unity for a diverse and historically complex nation.

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Note: While content aims to align with Catholic teachings, any inconsistencies or errors are unintended. For precise understanding, always refer to authoritative sources like the Catechism of the Catholic Church. Always double-check any quotes for word-for-word accuracy with the Bible or the Catechism of the Catholic Church.

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